Quickly reviewing the HITME data gathered from our global deployment of HoneyPoint continues to show that exposed Terminal Services (RDP) on port 3389 remains a high frequency threat. In terms of general contact with the attack surface of an exposed Terminal Server connection, direct probes and attacker interaction is seen on an average approximately two times per hour. Given that metric, an organization who is using exposed Terminal Services for remote access or management/support, may be experiencing upwards of 48 attacks per day against their exposed remote access tool. In many cases, when we conduct penetration testing of organizations using Terminal Services in this manner, remote compromise of that service is found to lead to high levels of access to the organization’s data, if not complete control of their systems.
Many organizations continue to use Terminal Services without tokens or VPN technologies in play. These organizations are usually solely dependent on the security of login/password combinations (which history shows to be a critical mistake) and the overall security of the Terminal Services code (which despite a few critical issues, has a pretty fair record given its wide usage and intense scrutiny over the last decade). Clearly, deploying remote access and remote management tools is greatly preferred behind VPN implementations or other forms of access control. Additionally, upping Terminal Services authentication controls by requiring tokens or certificates is also highly suggested. Removing port 3389 exposures to the Internet will go a long way to increasing the security of organizations dependent on RDP technology.
If you would like to discuss the metrics around port 3389 attacks in more detail, drop us a line or reach out on Twitter (@microsolved). You can also see some real time metrics gathered from the HITME by following @honeypoint on Twitter. You’ll see lots of 3389 scan and probe sources in the data stream.
Thanks for reading and until next time, stay safe out there!