How to Make InfoSec Infographics

Infographics are everywhere! And people either love them or hate them.

That said, many security teams have been asking about building infographics for awareness or communicating threat data to upper management in quick easily-digestible bites. To help with that, we thought we would tell you what we have learned about how to make infographics – as a best practice – so you won’t have to suffer through the mistakes we and others in the security field have already made. :)

So, at a high level, here is what you need to know about making infographics on security topics:

What are infographics & why are they useful?

Infographics are a visual representation of data and information; it is a quick way to look at a lot of in-depth information and get a clear understanding of it. They are used to communicate data in a way that is compact and easy to comprehend and also provide an easy view of cause and effect relationships. Infographics are visually appealing and are composed of three elements:
- visual (color, graphics, reference icons)
- content (time frame, statistics, references)
- knowledge (facts)

Best practices for building infographics: 

- Simplicity: clean design that is compact and concise with well organized information
- Layout: Maximum of 3 different fonts
- Colors: choose colors that match the emotions you are trying to convey. The background should blend with the illustrations
- Boundaries: limit the scope of your information. Attention span is short so try to answer only one question per infographic

The main best practice we have learned is: Keep It Simple! Focus on just a few salient points and present them in interesting tidbits. Use templates, they are available all over the web for your publishing or office platform. Remember, the purpose of infographics is to peak interest in a discussion, not serve as the end-all, be-all of presenting data to the audience.

Let us know your success stories or tell us what you have learned about infographics on Twitter (@lbhuston or @microsolved). Thanks for reading!

Using TigerTrax During the Pre-Negotiation Phase of an M&A

Throughout my career, I have worked for organizations that have purchased and integrated 4 companies. The acquired companies ranged from an organization with revenues of less than $3 million per year to a publicly traded company with annualized revenues of almost $1 billion. While the acquisitions all carried their own set of challenges, they remain among the highlights of my career.

Unfortunately, TigerTrax did not exist while I was working to integrate the IT systems of the aforementioned organizations. However, if it did, the entire process would have been significantly easier to manage. Our clients frequently leverage TigerTrax during each phase of the M&A process. However, I think they find the most value during the pre-negotiation phase. TigerTrax has helped our clients identify everything from an organization’s breach history to employee morale. All of this valuable intelligence can be obtained before an offer is made.

Here are a few other ways that TigerTrax is commonly used during the pre-negotiation phase of an M&A:

  • Using data obtained during a passive network assessment to help understand the security posture and technology footprint of the organization
  • Identifying whether the organization has been recently targeted by attackers or is demonstrating any indicators of compromise
  • Obtaining a list of key players associated with the company along with determining whether or not they are affiliated with any organizations or activities that could harm your company’s reputation
  • Discovering any legal, reputational, financial or operational risks associated with the prospective company

If you have any questions about how you can levere TigerTrax to gather intelligence to help reduce the risk associated the M&A lifecycle, feel free to contact us by emailing <info> at microsolved.com.

Hiring Data Analysts Who Love Security

MSI is growing again! We are interested in talking to folks about a full time position in our Columbus HQ to help our Intelligence Team.

If you dig being heads down with data, performing deep research and chasing threats around the Internet, this is the gig for you! These folks will be focused primarily on threat profiling, research of companies, crime rings and security news from around the world. The job requires you be familiar with Linux,  have an understanding of information security and to be a power user of the Internet. You should also enjoy python, BASH scripting, command line kung fu and staying bleeding edge current on security happenings. Light public speaking on webinars and conference calls, familiarity with the Mac and excellent writing skills are also preferred.

MSI is an interesting place to work. Our team is seriously dedicated to helping our clients. We are known for doing excellent work, thinking outside the box, going deep into a problem and laser focusing on customer success. Our conversations among team members are fast and full of high density data exchange. It is exciting, fulfilling and demanding work, but we do it with joy, precision and mindful innovation!

Sound like something you might enjoy? If so, get in touch. Send your resume and a cover letter that explains why you are the best choice for our team to info@microsolved.com. You can also touch base with me on Twitter if you have questions (@lbhuston). We hope to hear from you if you truly love deep diving on data and hammering out the truth from content all around the web!

PS – Don’t worry, we know we have to train you. We are looking for people with strong core skills, an eagerness to learn and out of the box thinking. We’ll teach you the rest… :)

Lots of PHP Web Shells Still Circulating

Many PHP-based web shells are still making the rounds, and while many of them are based on old code, mutations, customizations and updates abound. They are so common, that new variants and modified versions are often seen at the rate of about 10 a day in our TigerTrax Threat Intelligence systems and honeypots.

Variants exist for a wide variety of platforms and human languages, many with some very nasty features and even some cool ASCII art. There are many variants for attackers to choose from for just about any of the popular PHP-based content management platforms. From WordPress to Joomla and beyond to the far less common apps, there are easily used exploits and shell kits widely available.

If you run a PHP-based site or server, it’s a good idea to keep an eye on the file system changes and watch closely for new files being uploaded or added. Pay particular attention to those using the “base64_decode” function, since it is so common among these tools.

Thanks for reading, and until next time, stay safe out there! 

Malware Can Hide in a LOT of Places

This article about research showing how malware could be hidden in Blu-Ray disks should serve as a reminder to us all that a lot of those “smart” and “Internet-enabled” devices we are buying can also be a risk to our information. In the past, malware has used digital picture frames, vendor disks & CD’s, USB keys, smart “dongles” and a wide variety of other things that can plug into a computer or network as a transmission medium.

As the so called, Internet of Things (IoT), continues to grow in both substance and hype, more and more of these devices will be prevalent across homes and businesses everywhere. In a recent neighbor visit, I enumerated (with permission), more than 30 different computers, phones, tablets, smart TV’s and other miscellaneous devices on their home network. This family of 5 has smart radios, smart TVs and even a Wifi-connected set of toys that their kids play with. That’s a LOT of places for malware to hide…

I hope all of us can take a few minutes and just give that some thought. I am sure few of us really have a plan that includes such objects. Most families are lucky if they have a firewall and AV on all of their systems. Let alone a plan for “smart devices” and other network gook.

How will you handle this? What plans are you making? Ping us on Twitter (@lbhuston or @microsolved) and let us know your thoughts.

Podcast Episode 2 is Now Available

In this episode we sit down with Mark Tomallo, from Panopticon Labs, and RSA’s Kevin Flanagan. We discuss mentoring, online crime, choosing infosec as a career and even dig out some tidbits from Mark about online gaming fraud and some of the criminal underground around the gaming industry. I think this is a very interesting and fun episode, so check it out and let us know what you think on Twitter (@microsolved, or @lbhuston). Thanks for listening! 

Listen Here:

Pay Attention to this Samba Vulnerability

We have a feeling that this recent Samba vulnerability should be at the top of your mind. We are seeing a lot of attention to this across a variety of platforms and we wanted to make sure you saw it. It should be patched as soon as possible, especially on highly sensitive data stores and critical systems.

Let us know if you have any questions.

Keep Your Hands Off My SSL Traffic

Hey, you, get off my digital lawn and put down my binary flamingos!!!!! 

If you have been living under an online rock these last couple of weeks, then you might have missed all of the news and hype about the threats to your SSL traffic. It seems that some folks, like Lenovo and Comodo, for example, have been caught with their hands in your cookie jar. (or at least your certificate jar, but cookie jars seem like more of a thing…) 

First, we had Superfish, then PrivDog. Now researchers are saying that more and more examples of that same code being used are starting to emerge across a plethora of products and software tools.

That’s a LOT of people, organizations and applications playing with my (and your) SSL traffic. What is an aging infosec curmudgeon to do except take to the Twitters to complain? :)

There’s a lot of advice out there, and if you are one of the folks impacted by Superfish and/or PrivDog directly, it is likely a good time to go fix that stuff. It also might be worth keeping an eye on for a while and cleaning up any of the other applications that are starting to be outed for the same bad behaviors.

In the meantime, if you are a privacy or compliance person for a living, feel free to drop us a line on Twitter (@lbhuston, @microsolved) and let us know what your organization is doing about these issues. How is the idea of prevalent man-in-the-middle attacks against your compliance-focused data and applications sitting with your security team? You got this, right? :)

As always, thanks for reading, and we look forward to hearing more about your thoughts on the impacts of SSL tampering on Twitter! 

3 Things I Learned While Responding to Security Incidents

Unfortunately, if you work in IT long enough, you’re likely to encounter a security incident. Having experienced these incidents as a Systems Administrator and as a consultant, I felt that it would benefit others if I shared 3 things that I learned while responding to security issues.

  1. Stay calm – If you’ve noticed malicious activity on your network, your first reaction might be to panic. While time is of the essence, you don’t want stress to negatively impact your decision making. If you need to, give yourself a minute to collect your thoughts prior to proceeding with resolving the issue. Once you’re ready to start working on the problem, begin by attempting to gain an understanding of the type and severity of the attack. This information will go a long way towards mitigating the issue.
  2. Don’t be shortsighted - Whether you’re dealing with a targeted attack or a random malware infection, it’s important to consider the long term effects of your decisions. It is likely that you will receive pressure from various business units to bring systems back online as soon as possible. While it’s important that staff regains access to their applications, it could lead to larger problems down the line if that access is restored prematurely. For example, removing network connectivity or isolating affected systems is obviously going to upset some staff members due to the loss of productivity. However, it’s possible that the malware or attacks could become more widespread if the affected systems are not properly isolated.
  3. Hindsight is 20/20 - I’ve seen individuals waste time during incidents pointing fingers at other team members. I’ve also witnessed individuals procrastinate resolving the issue while they agonize over ways they could have prevented the incident from occurring. After the issue has been resolved, it’s important to have a post mortem meeting to take the proper steps to make sure that history does not repeat itself. However, those conversations can wait until the incident has been fully resolved.

I sincerely hope you don’t have to deal with any security incidents.  However, if you need help resolving an issue involving a malware outbreak or targeted attack, do not hesitate to contact us for assistance.

Telnet!? Really!?

I was recently analyzing data from the HITME project that was collected during the month of January. I noticed a significant spike in the observed attacks against Telnet. I was surprised to see that Telnet was being targeted at such a high rate. After all, there can’t be that many devices left with Telnet exposed to the internet, right?

Wrong. Very wrong. I discovered that there are still MILLIONS of devices with Telnet ports exposed to the internet. Due to Telnet’s lack of security, be sure to use SSH as opposed to Telnet whenever possible. If you absolutely must control a device via Telnet, at least place it behind a firewall. If you need to access the device remotely, leverage the use of a VPN. Finally, be sure to restrict access to the device to the smallest possible IP range.

The map below shows the geographical locations and number of attacks against Telnet that we observed last month. If you need any help isolating Telnet exposures, feel free to contact us by emailing info <at> microsolved.com.

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